盒子
盒子
文章目录
  1. 系动词 主系表句型
    1. 系动词:
    2. 系动词分类
      1. be 动词 (am, is, are)
      2. 状态保持动词 (keep, remain, stay)
      3. 状态转变动词
      4. 感官动词 (look, sound, smell, taste, feel)
    3. Practice
  2. 不及物动词- 主谓
    1. Practice
  3. 及物动词–主谓宾
    1. Practice
  4. 不完全及物动词 – 主谓宾宾补
    1. 句型
    2. Practice
  5. 授予动词–主谓双宾
  6. 主谓宾宾补 vs 主谓双宾
    1. Practice
  7. Tips

五大动词五大句型

系动词 主系表句型

系动词:

  • 在句子中作为谓语,没有实际意思。
  • 表达主语性质
  • 是否可以用“是,为”来翻译.

    系动词分类

    be 动词 (am, is, are)

    be动词后有三大表语:
  • 名词 I am a girl.
  • 形容词 The play was very interesting.; (介词短语可以作为形容词: The milk is in the refrigerator.);
  • 地点副词 My bedroom is downstairs.

    状态保持动词 (keep, remain, stay)

    后面只能加形容词做表语,和be无缝切换。
    You should keep quiet! or You should be quiet!
    No one can remain youthful forever.
    The weather stayed fine for a week.

    状态转变动词

  • become 变成+名词。 变得+形容词。
    He became a teacher.
    He became very nervous.
  • get 变得+形容词
    He got very angry.
  • go 走,去,变坏
    The meat always goes bad in summer.
  • come 来,变好
    Thing will come right.
  • grow 慢慢变化
    The weather grew cold in the night.
  • turn 快速变化
    His face turned pale.

    感官动词 (look, sound, smell, taste, feel)

    后面接形容词作表语。
    He looked very angry.
    如果后面要加名词,感官动词+介词like+名词
    The sun looks like an orange global.

Practice

Everything is in good order.
My house is here.
This car looks good.
Meat tastes like chicken.
You should keep calm during an earthquake.
Mike became a professional basketball player last year.
Weather has turned cold and windy.

不及物动词- 主谓

不及物动词 vi。不需要加宾语就可以构成完整的句子。
如何判断及物还是不及物。在动词前面加“被”。
正常–及物动词(被打,被处罚)
不正常–不及物动词(被跳舞,被做梦)
一般后面都会加状语。

Practice

The birds sing happily.
The rain will stop in the afternoon.
The children are playing in the park.
My teacher passed away in the hospital yesterday.

及物动词–主谓宾

及物动词 vt
The bird covered the distance.
This plane carry 7 passengers

Practice

The teacher put up some pictures on the wall in the classroom.
You should respect the old in public places.
He began his diet a week ago.
He set up a new world record in 1935.9.
Only very few people can realize their dreams.

不完全及物动词 – 主谓宾宾补

不完全及物动词,加了宾语后意思仍不完整,还需要加上补语。
补语:补充说明宾语的动作或状态。
一般是使役动词。(make,have,let,get)
使……做……

句型

make/have/let + 宾语 + 动词原形(补语)
get + 宾语 + 动词不定式 (补语)
I made him wash the car.
I got him to wash the car
宾语和补语可以组成一个完整的句子。
he wash the car

Practice

The hot weather made me feel lethargic.

授予动词–主谓双宾

give, send, tell, teach, pay, show, offer
I send him a book
双宾: him, book
The scientist told us many stories.
双宾: us, stories

主谓宾宾补 vs 主谓双宾

如果谓语的动作,作用于两个不同名词,即两个宾语,则是主谓双宾的句型。
主谓宾补,补语是宾语的动作或状态。

Practice

He gave his girlfriend a bunch of flowers in Valentine’s day.
He gave a bunch of flowers to his girlfriend in Valentine’s day
Please send me a receipt for the money.
He told me some magical stories about English teacher.

Tips

  • 多个时间状语或地点状语,从小到大的顺序
    We landed in China at 8:00 am on June 15th, 2012.
    We live at number 35, South Renmin Road, Chengdu.

  • 多种状语的顺序: 方式–地点–时间
    He put his milk bottles carefully on the doorstep every morning.

支持一下
扫一扫,支持小王子